In this system, improvements have been made especially in areas related to data entry, data mapping and data verification.
The Ministry of Education has released a detailed report on the Unified District Information System for Education Plus (UDISE+) 2021-22 on School Education in India.
The UDISE+ system of online data collection from schools was developed by the Department of School Education and Literacy during the year 2018-19 to overcome the problems associated with the old practice of manual filling data in paper format. In the UDISE+ system, improvements have been made especially in areas related to data entry, data mapping and data verification.
In UDISE+ 2021-22, additional data on important indicators, i.e. digital library, peer learning, identification of pain points, number of books available in the school library, etc. were collected for the first time to align with the NEP 2020 initiatives.
School education students and teachers
In 2021-22, the total number of students enrolled in school education from primary to upper secondary stood at 25.57 crore compared to 25.38 crore enrollment in 2020-21, registering an increase of 19.36 lakh registrations. Total Scheduled Caste enrollment increased to 4.82 crore in 2021-22 from 4.78 crore in 2020-21. Similarly, total enrollment in Scheduled Tribes increased to 2.51 crore in 2021-22 from 2.49 crore in 2020-21. The total of other backward students also increased to 11.48 crore in 2021-22 from 11.35 crore in 2020-21.
The gross enrollment ratio (GER), which measures the general level of participation, improved in 2021-22 at the primary, upper primary and upper secondary levels of school education, compared to 2020-21. Notably, the GER in upper secondary has seen a significant improvement from 53.8% in 2021-21 to 57.6% in 2021-22.
The total enrollment of Children with Special Needs (CWSN) in 2021-22 stands at 22.67 lakh, compared to 21.91 lakh in 2020-21, showing a 3.45% improvement from compared to 2020-21.
95.07 lakh teachers are engaged in school education in 2021-22, of which more than 51% are female teachers. Moreover, in 2021-22, the pupil-teacher ratio (PTR) was 26 for primary, 19 for upper primary, 18 for secondary and 27 for upper secondary, showing an improvement since 2018-2019. The PTR for primary, upper primary, secondary and upper secondary was 28, 19, 21 and 30 respectively in 2018-2019.
In 2021-22, over 12.29 million girls are enrolled from primary to upper secondary, representing an increase of 8.19 lakh from girls’ enrollment in 2020-21. The Gender Parity Index (GPI) of the TBS shows that the representation of women in school education is in line with the representation of girls in the population of the corresponding age group. The value of the GPI at all levels of school education is one or more implying greater participation of girls in school education.
In 2021-22, the total number of Scheduled Caste (SC) students from primary to upper secondary increased to 4.83 crore from 4.78 crore in 2020-21. Similarly, the total number of Scheduled Tribe (ST) students increased from 2.49 crore to 2.51 crore and Other Backward Caste (OBC) students from 11.35 crore to 11.49 crore in 2020- 21 and 2021-22.
The total number of schools in 2021-22 stood at 14.89 lakh compared to 15.09 lakh in 2020-21. The decline in the total number of schools is mainly due to the closure of private schools and other management schools and the consolidation or concentration of schools by various states.
School infrastructure: impact of the Samagra Shiksha program
The availability of basic infrastructure in schools in 2021-22 are as follows:
Electrical connection: 89.3%
Drinking water: 98.2%
Girls’ toilets: 97.5%
CWSN washrooms: 27%
Handwashing facility: 93.6%
Ramp with handrail for CWSN: 49.7%
Library/Reading room/Reading corner: 87.3%
Sustainable environmental initiatives for the school
Vegetable garden: 27.7%
Rainwater harvesting: 21%