How to improve the quality of the Nigerian education system | The Guardian Nigeria News

Nigeria is a country with a massive and growing population and an eye to the future. This nation is rushing to modernize, and the speed of this phenomenon is causing cracks to appear.

One of the things I noticed while writing a reviews on, is that many test site customers and authors are from Nigeria. There is a thirst for education, as the ambitious youth of this country try to rise through the ranks.

However, before we can tackle the problem itself, we need to see the big picture.

Is Nigeria’s education challenge unique?

People from 1st world countries can look at Nigeria and get a false sense of superiority. Yet Nigeria’s problems are not unique. Even in wealthier countries like the United States and China, many students lack educational materials, internet access, nutritious food, and more.

Moreover, we must never forget that Nigeria is getting richer as it modernizes.

In historical terms, every country that has modernized has experienced growing pains. For example, the European Industrial Revolution was famous for its undernourished, overworked and unhealthy working conditions. Schools were either unavailable or restricted for those who could not pay their way to the top.

In conclusion, the problems of Nigerian education can be seen around the world, although on a smaller scale. The solutions found here must be implemented for tens of millions of children, and it must work.

Let’s see the possible solutions:

  1. Stay away from controversy

Nigeria has a massive population and it also receives many immigrants from neighboring countries. Lagos is the beating heart of the continent.

This country welcomes people of all religions, origins and beliefs. Some of these citizens are reluctant to send their children to school, fearing that they will be indoctrinated into a dogmatic mindset.

In recent years, Western educational institutions have become heavily involved in politics, often rejecting lack of bias and outright pushing a certain point of view. This has caused public confidence in educational institutions to plummet.

Nigerian educators must be careful not to make the same mistakes. Education should be free from personal or political opinions. This is how it should be in a pluralistic society.

Teachers are no longer seen as strong pillars of the community. Parents should be able to trust the state for their children.

  1. Pragmatism before theory

You should always ask questions about any system. Even systems that seem immutable.

The Nigerian education system lacks resources. This problem can only be solved by an internal push to end corruption and eliminate instability.

But we can also ask another question: Why do we bother to educate ourselves in the first place?

Few of us have an overwhelming thirst for knowledge. Not everyone is a bookworm. The honest answer is that we bother to educate ourselves because that’s usually a ticket to the middle class.

In this regard, copy-pasting Western-style schools can be a waste of resources. Rich countries can afford to waste money teaching secondary subjects, but a nation with limited resources should focus on subjects that earn money.

For example, for the general population, trade schools would be much more useful. Academics are a very small segment of the population, but we treat every child as if they were an aspiring college student.

Most people look back on 12 years of school and barely remember a hundredth of what they learned.

There is a stigma against “real” jobs, but in reality they are much healthier for the economy. There’s a running joke about the student who goes into debt hundreds of dollars for an English degree, only to work a minimum-wage job at McDonald’s. The lucky ones will become freelance writers and work on college essay writing service articles.

Nigeria need not repeat these mistakes. It must examine what is missing in its economy and train children for these specific sectors.

  1. Teaching materials

What is the bare minimum required to educate someone? And is the bare minimum sufficient?

Well, you will need a building, classrooms, offices and teachers. These are the basics. However, if you dive deeper, things get a bit more complicated.

For example, it can be very difficult to concentrate when you are too hot. Air conditioning is not a luxury, but a necessity.

And there is also the issue of textbooks. The prices of textbooks are greatly inflated. There is no reason for them to cost so much. And there’s also an undue stigma attached to using older textbooks.

The math hasn’t changed, and neither have the laws of physics. Most “new editions” of textbooks just change a few commas here and there and market the book as new. Nigeria needs to find channels and acquire older textbooks and teaching materials.

Most old books are better anyway, because they were printed when education was much more meticulous.

Also, the nation can invest in its public printing infrastructure. It’s much cheaper to translate and print your own books, rather than importing textbooks with huge annotations.

  1. Rigor

This requirement is one of the most counter-intuitive. Institutions tend to react like ordinary people in the face of adversity.

For example, when you have a small group of teachers and administrative employees, you start thinking that you can’t fire them if they’re underperforming. As a result, you look the other way when trouble arises because your education system is already understaffed.

It is better to nip problems in the bud, rather than letting them spread. Corruption and lax education standards are like cracks, spreading to jeopardize the whole effort.

It hurts to let someone go, especially if they work on the cheap and you need staff. However, Nigeria must adopt a 0 tolerance policy for any problem.


Overall, the Nigerian education system is plagued with problems that are not under immediate control. Geopolitics, history, migration and globalization are, for better or worse, forces with their own minds.

However, in the short term, the nation can concentrate its resources and act pragmatically. Trying to copy Western-style education is counterproductive. Solutions must be tailored to the problems they are meant to eliminate.