Is the Nigerian education system “catastrophic”? Business Day Editorial Complaint Scoring

The editorial stated that the share of the education sector in Nigeria’s 2022 budget was 7.2%. This equates to 1.23 trillion naira, out of a total of 17.13 trillion naira.

He said an international agreement in 2021 commits countries to spend at least 15% of public funds on education.

Available data shows that the budget allocation to education in 2022 is actually slightly lower.

The 2022 finance law published by the Federation Budget Office shows that N593.47 billion has been allocated to the Ministry of Education and its agencies for recurrent expenditure, and N159.66 billion for capital projects.

N112.29 billion has also been earmarked for basic education and N306 billion to the Higher Education Trust Fund.

This represents 1.17 trillion naira or 6.83% of the total budget.

However, the public presentation by Finance Minister Zainab Ahmed of the approved budget for 2022 had the total education allocation as 1.23 trillion naira or 7.2% of the total budget – so the newspaper claims.

The disparity was due to the fact that budget presentation document gave a total of N815.69 billion while the finance law figures totaled N753.13 billion. But the newspaper’s general argument about low funding holds, as analysts told Africa Check.

Insufficient funding seriously affects teacher morale

The continued low funding for education has “serious implications” for the country, according to Comfort Edemenang. He is Professor of Educational Administration and Planning at Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University in Bauchi, northeast Nigeria.

He gave the example of universities. “Sometimes there is no electricity or water for several days. Infrastructure is poor and both teachers and students are demoralized. Many want to go abroad.

Nigeria’s education indices from primary to tertiary level are poor, Sidiqat Ijaiya, professor of education management at the University University of Ilorin in north-central Nigeria, told Africa Check.

He also linked this to insufficient funding for education. “A major impact is poor infrastructure. Due to the lack of basic laboratory equipment, we are doing practical work alternatives in secondary schools. There is also a lack of equipment in the universities.

Speakers struggled to stay motivated and often lost their tools, Ijaiya said. In February 2022, professors went on strike, with better funding for universities as one of their demands.

“It’s not just about increasing teachers’ salaries, it’s about infrastructure and teaching materials,” Ijaiya said.