Ministry of Education conference focused on enrollment and research

Education Minister Hang Chuon Naron addresses the conference at the Cambodia Institute of Technology. MoEYS

Experts from the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports and various educational institutions continued to share their views on the second day of the ministry’s annual conference on early childhood, primary education , secondary and higher.

The conference was held April 25-27 at the Cambodia Institute of Technology.

Heng Kreng, director of the department of scientific research of the ministry, noted during the meeting that the general situation of higher education in Cambodia was still marked by a low enrollment rate of only 12.4%, while the rates in upper-middle-income countries generally ranged from 40 to 50 percent.

He said 8.7% of part-time higher education instructors and staff hold doctorates, while 4.6% of full-time education staff hold doctorates.

“The general situation of higher education in Cambodia is that the quality of programs has met national minimum quality standards, but programs need to meet international quality standards through increased investment in research in higher education, the publication of research articles and the operation of research journals as well as the transfer of knowledge and technology with the private and industrial sectors,” he said.

He pointed out that the 2018-2023 higher education reform focuses on strengthening governance, improving the qualifications of doctoral professors, improving the curriculum in response to industrial development, promoting research and establishment of centers of excellence and quality for the evaluation of education.

He said the Ministry’s objectives were to co-organize public investment in research in higher education institutions to build ownership in promoting research culture; continue to build the capacity of each center according to the criteria of its type; organize a forum to disseminate the results of the center with the ministries concerned, development partners and the private sector; follow the center’s business plan to generate income for students, teachers and institutions; and set up a reward system for researchers or experts.

Pring Morakot, director of the ministry’s secondary education department, also made a presentation.

“Schools are doing well and growing based on learning and meeting student needs, but we need to find a way to better quality inputs. [that is, teachers, administrators, study content],” he said.

He said that until 2017, the irregularities created divisions and separations between schools and their communities in a cascade of issues that caused the community to perceive teachers and schools negatively.

“But from 2017-2021, thanks to the school reform program, things have improved starting with getting schools to follow the procedures and expanding the reforms and linking this process to all the target schools to continue to develop and to produce quality inputs – teachers, school management and studies. materials – which are chosen according to specific criteria and standardized mechanisms,” he said.