Plan to change the servant class education system
In our country, in recent years, many projects have been launched taking into account the interests of all sections of the country. Kaushal Vikas Yojana reflects our local Prime Minister’s vision for singing. The main objective of Kaushal Vikas Yojana is to develop the skills of young people and make them employable according to market demand so that they can get a better job or become employable for others by starting their own business. Keeping this goal in mind, it was first launched in 2015 under the Ministry of Skills Development’s Skill India mission, during which 19.85 lakh candidates were trained. Of which only about 2.62 lakh people or 13.23% of people can find jobs, while the government aims to benefit 40 million young people by the end of 2022. This includes all new courses as a long duration like 90 days, medium 45 days, short 30 days duration.
The first part of this program is a short-term training aimed at developing cognitive skills and instincts through the national skills qualification framework in young people who have dropped out of school or university for any reason or who are unemployed. The second part of this program is the recognition of prior learning which aims to provide certificates to young people by developing skills above industry standards. The third part of this program is a special project designed to provide training to candidates in a particular area.
Till June 2019, about 52.12 lakh applicants have undergone training and obtained the certificate and out of these, only 12.60 lakh or about 24.18% were able to get employment. Given its usefulness, this system has been renewed for the third phase of the year 2020-21. In which 1.07 crore applicants filed applications till January 2021, out of which 46.27 lakh interns participated in short-term training, out of which only 19 lakh interns could find employment anywhere. Keeping this in mind, this program was launched. According to another statistic, around 2 lakh graduates and 1 lakh post-graduates are unemployed in our country and around 47% of the graduates are unfit to work in any industrial unit. Along with this, according to the report by CMIE, which is the monitoring center of the economy in India. According to its report, India’s unemployment rate increased from 7.12% to 7.80% in June 2022 compared to May 2022, although a decrease in urban unemployment was observed. While rural unemployment has increased from 6.62% in May 2012 to 8.03% in June 2022. The benefit of skills development programs that do not reach rural areas is really a matter of concern. In such a situation, the government apparatus will have to think about implementing this system from the school and college level in rural and urban areas.
Universities revise their courses every year, but these changes are limited to changing subjects and chapters back and forth. Depending on the demand at the time, everything students need most should be included. The foundations of the skills development program have been laid with all these things in mind. But the figures show that we were only able to cover about half of the destination. If seen at grade level, up to grade 12, a student begins to know and understand a little about almost any subject. But it is very difficult to get a job just because of this. Therefore, the national skills qualification framework, which is an important part of skills development to improve the knowledge, skills and instincts of students, should be emphasized from the school and university level itself. This will give a new direction to students’ ability to learn and understand, which can play an important role in making them employable.
Higher technical education institutions and their affiliated universities should also strongly include in their courses those subjects and training projects that correspond to the demand of the times and of the market and those subjects that are not suitable in view of the present and in the future, there should also be a possibility of removing them from the program. The recruitment of qualified, experienced and competent trainers can play an important role in this regard and the necessary initiatives will also have to be taken to quickly resolve their salary-related problems. The machinery of government will have to ensure that the benefits of this regime do not remain confined to capitalist industrialists only because the profits of most government regimes are spent to serve their interests. As a result, people in need feel exploited and deprived.
The government should also continue to carry out late checks in all skill development centers, only then will the importance of the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana be proven.